European Union policies on biofuels

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European Union policy

  1. How should a biofuel sustainability system be designed?
  2. How should overall effects on land use be monitored?
  3. How should the use of second-generation biofuels be encouraged?
  4. What further action is needed to make it possible to achieve a 10% biofuel share?

Member state policy

The Netherlands

  • The Transport Biofuels Act - Mandates 2% biofuels from 2007, which will increase to 5.75% in 2010.
    • The law allows for "additional ministerial measures to be taken with respect to sustainability. In addition, categories of biofuels that do not meet minimum sustainability criteria may be excluded under ministerial regulations."[3]

United Kingdom



  1. the Presidency Conclusions of the Brussels European Council (8/9 March 2007
  2. EU Energy Ministers Approve Binding Biofuels Mandate (pdf) (press release)]
  4. 4.0 4.1

European Union policies on biofuels edit
European Biofuels Directive (2003)
Countries: The Netherlands: The Transport Biofuels Act | United Kingdom: Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation
Europe edit
European Union policy - European Biofuels Directive | EU member states biofuel targets
EU Countries: AustriaBelgiumBulgariaCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkEstoniaFinlandFranceGermanyGreeceHungaryIrelandItalyLatviaLithuaniaLuxembourgMaltaNetherlandsPolandPortugalRomaniaSlovakiaSloveniaSpainSwedenUnited Kingdom
Non-EU Countries: AlbaniaAndorraArmeniaAzerbaijanBelarusBosnia and HerzegovinaBulgariaCroatiaCyprusGeorgiaIcelandKazakhstanLiechtensteinRepublic of MacedoniaMoldovaMonacoMontenegroNorwayRussiaSan MarinoSerbiaSwitzerlandTurkeyUkraineVatican City
Policy edit
Policies by region: EU policy | US policy (Obama Administration) | G8 policy | UK policy (Gallagher Review)
Sustainability standards
Position papers (CSIS Report, Tropical Forest and Climate Unity Agreement)


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